Security and Conflict: Work-in-Progress

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#BeyondtheHashtags is a conversation seeking to evaluate the handling of the counter-terrorism operations in the northern part of Nigeria, with a special focus on the abduction of hundreds of Chibok school girls in Borno State. The May 20, 2014 Citizens Forum drew an impressive cast of independent legal experts, human rights advocates, community leaders, students, public servants, security operatives, media professionals, concerned citizens and civil society organizations, united by the determination to take the anti-terror campaign beyond street and online action.

Building on the existing advocacy spaces and bonds of solidarity deepened by the hashtag campaigns, the forum offered a no-holds-barred arena to track the needs and gaps in the management of the Nigerian security crisis, and mutually demand answers to unresolved questions across the non-contentious divides. Click here to download the report.

Chibok Abductions

On Twitter, Spaces for Change created the hashtag: #AbductedBornoSchoolGirls to drive engagement and citizen action around the Chibok abductions. In its 8,520-member vibrant Discussion Forum hosted on Facebook, – – S4C’s group administrators moderate online conversations generating hundreds and thousands of commentaries on the rising state of insecurity in the Northern Nigeria. These discussions interrogate the security infrastructure and military strategy of Nigerian security forces, and proffer youth-based proposals for developing appropriate strategic and tactical responses to the disastrous setbacks in fight against terror.

On May 5 and May 9, 2014, S4C joined other women groups and human rights organizations in Lagos, under the banner of Women for Peace and Justice, to coordinate protest marches held in different parts of Lagos. On both days, large crowd of protesters marched through Lagos streets to the offices of the State Governor and other international advocacy institutions, where they presented demand letters to state government officials, United Nations agencies and erected placards bearing the names of the missing girls at major roundabouts in Lagos. Watch the photos  here

Overview of Past Work on Boko Haram sect-led abductions 

Spaces for Change.S4C creatively coalesces research, new media advocacy, community engagement and policy action to increase the voice, visibility and capacity of the youth and local communities to campaign for peace and respect for human rights in Nigeria. Using media advocacy techniques to advance the campaign for peace and security is based upon an understanding that 21st-century communications technology has the potential to serve as a great equalizer, allowing those with little resources to use what they have—compelling news, messages and stories—to influence peers and people in positions of power and to improve their own lives.

Robust social media advocacy

Beginning from February 2014 when 20 young female students were reportedly abducted from Government Girls Senior Science Secondary School and Ashigar School of Business and Administrative Studies, Borno State, S4C launched a people-powered campaign using both the formal and informal media to heighten awareness of the growing threats to educational freedom of young school girls in northern Nigeria. Capitalizing on its strong online presence especially on Facebook, S4C initiated daily public conversations around the abductions, sustaining the tempo of public outcry demanding for effective rescue operations and safe return of the school girls.

Coordinated Protest Marches: Matching sustained media advocacy with offline action, Spaces for Change.S4C coordinated a protest march against the abduction of 20 Borno school girls  on Friday, February 28, 2014. the protest march held in Yaba, Lagos involved non-governmental organizations, youth groups and young Nigerians embittered by the recurrent abductions and massacres of citizens across the country, most of whom are young people.


 Anti-terror social campaign, titled, #NSAcounterterrorapproaches

S4C’s anti-terror social campaign, hashtagged, #NSAcounterterrorapproaches has helped to promote public awareness of the recently-launched security policy that employs a citizens-based approach to countering terrorism. In March 2014, the Nigerian National Security Adviser rolled out the soft approach to countering terrorism which comprehensively weaves multi-stakeholder engagement strategies with human rights compliant approaches of responding to, preventing and dealing with extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism.

Through its regular online engagements focusing on the terrorism question, S4C found that religious bodies, community movements, non-governmental organizations, civil society groups and mainly the youth have never heard about this soft program of counter-terror action. If properly communicated, the NSA’s new counter-terror framework can act as a vehicle through which citizens, civil society organizations, communities and government institutions can be empowered to understand and engage the security structures and undertake collective surveillance more effectively.

Published articles

“This Boat is Sinking”, an April 22, 2014 article authored by Spaces for Change.S4C’s executive director, which went viral on the internet raised important issues surrounding the handling of the search and rescue efforts; asked critical questions regarding the official documentation of the missing school girls and proffered recommendations for stemming the tide of insecurity across the country.

Another expository article authored by S4C’s Victoria Ohaeri, “Understanding Nigeria’s Soft Approach to Countering Terrorism”, was published by three national dailies and online news sites, reaching millions of readers across the country. Abridging and illuminating the latest national policy for countering terrorism, the article is written in very simple language so that citizens, mainly the youth, organizations, including the private sector and all tiers of government can easily understand and play their individual and collective roles in confronting violent extremism in the country.


Spaces for Change’s executive director has granted several interviews to local and international electronic and print news media discussing the implication of the Chibok abductions on girl-child education. At protest grounds, press events, civil society convenings and private one-on-one interviews with news men, she speaks to the press on the issue of conflict and insecurity in northern Nigerian, in recognition of her experience in engaging with the volatile communities, and her first-hand knowledge of the social and economic conditions in those areas.

Peer Exchanges

In the wake of the Chibok abduction, peer exchanges with other youth advocates across the globe involved in the campaign for the protection of women and girls has helped S4C enhance its outreach to the international public through the dissemination of local updates on the abduction saga, while exploring further advocacy ideas. For instance, participating in the Google Hangout  Epiphany Conversation: Sexual Slavery Next Door  on May 12, 2014 enabled us to interact with global actors working to end sexual slavery, and as well, share our perspectives on Nigeria’s violent crisis, especially how it affects girls and women.  Panel include:

Gabriela Böhm, Filmmaker, USA

Victoria Ibezim-Ohaeri, Executive Director, Spaces for Change, Lagos, Nigeria

Kompalya Thunderbird, outreach volunteer Night Light in Thailand

Chelo Alvarez-Stehle, Filmmaker, Mexico

Taina Bien-Aimé, Executive Director, Coalition Against Trafficking in Women


Research and Documentation of Armed Conflicts 

In 2012, Spaces for Change.S4C investigated and documented the human rights atrocities committed by state and non-state actors in the conflict-torn northern part of Nigeria. The study, Demolishing Foundations of Peace, details the systematic pattern of forced evictions and house demolitions in Nigeria, perpetrated by both city planners and security forces, in the name of “improving national security” and countering terrorism. It further profiled the specific impacts of the security crisis on vulnerable groups such as women, children and the youth, detailing how the crisis has massively curtailed the enjoyment of, and full realization of social and economic rights in the northern region of Nigeria.  To download the report, please click here

 Televised Debate on Youth and Insurgency

On January 1, 2012, Spaces for Change’s televised youth debate, “Boko Haram Insurgency: Issues, Challenges and the Way Forward” on Galaxy Television, Lagos (UHF 27) featured four Nigerian youths from the East, West, North and Southern parts of the country who extensively analyzed the root causes of religious fundamentalism in Northern Nigeria and proffered strategies for the restoration of peace in the region.  Visit our photo gallery


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